• Users Online: 147
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
EDITORIAL
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-79

COVID-19 pandemic: A tsunami in medical practice and research


1 Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College, Dubai; Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Mediclinic Airport Road Hospital, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
3 Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Date of Submission21-Jun-2020
Date of Decision22-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance24-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication27-Jun-2020

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Issam M Hajjaji
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli
Libya
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs_78_20

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Beshyah SA, Hajjaji IM, Elkhammas EA. COVID-19 pandemic: A tsunami in medical practice and research. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2020;12:77-9

How to cite this URL:
Beshyah SA, Hajjaji IM, Elkhammas EA. COVID-19 pandemic: A tsunami in medical practice and research. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 May 16];12:77-9. Available from: http://www.ijmbs.org/text.asp?2020/12/2/77/288208



In December 2019, the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China spread worldwide, becoming an emergency of primary international concern. The SARS-CoV-2 infection causes clusters of severe respiratory illness, similar to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Human-to-human transmission via droplets, contaminated hands or surfaces has been described, with incubation times of 2-14 days. Early diagnosis, quarantine, and supportive treatments are essential to cure patients.[1]

COVID-19 continues to spread in communities around the world. COVID had a devastating effect on communities, professions, and academia.[2] Globally, by 21 June 2020, 8,708,008 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 461,715 deaths, had been reported to the World Health Organization.[3] Confirmed cases are spread all over the world with the highest numbers being reported in the Americas (4,279,854 cases) followed by Europe (2,527,618 cases), Eastern Mediterranean (897,403 cases), South-East Asia (580,533), Africa (216,999) and the Western Pacific region (204,860 cases). Lower numbers in developing regions could be due to lower testing rates. The pandemic caused significant changes in the patterns in clinical practices at institutional and individual levels. Many health-care professionals were deployed on the front lines of this pandemic, seeing patients, and developing treatment and research protocols in real-time. Perhaps, the most prominent changes in practices were the distant care for chronic medical conditions for established patients whose movement is restricted by the social distancing. For COVID-19 patients, physicians had to learn fairly quickly to practice experimental and evidence-free circumstances with consequent professional, medicolegal and ethical implications. So far, treatments that have been proposed include antiviral agents, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, corticosteroids, antibodies, convalescent plasma transfusions, and vaccines.[1],[4]

On the academic front, scientists from diverse fields are redirecting their research to help develop diagnostics, therapies, and vaccines. In the last six months, research on COVID-19 has moved quickly to the forefront in the global literature volume. A phenomenal number of articles were published on the subject. A literature search using the combined search term (COVID-19 OR “SARS COV-2”) was conducted on 21.6.2020. It retrieved 24,527 records in the PubMed database (NLM) and 19,577records in SCOPUS (Elsevier). Unfortunately, our region's involvement are meager with 685 only detected when the search term was joined with names of all Arabic-speaking countries representing 2.8% the global production.

The urgent need to answer important questions should not allow any deviations for the principles of good practice in scholarly publishing that may amount to academic authorship misconduct.[5] Indeed, interest and the paucity of scientific data on the virus has, as expected, already led to articles being retracted from two of the most prestigious medical publications. The most notable articles were in The Lancet on a multinational registry regarding hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine with macrolide[6] and in the New England Journal of Medicine regarding cardiovascular disease in Covid-19.[7] On the other hand, Misinformation for the general public went 'viral' or what the WHO called a 'massive infodemic'. Here, scientists have a responsibility to counter this, at least in the more popular news outlets and social media sites. Although this may not be of any career benefit, it could save lives.

We did not expect IJMBS, being a bimonthly publication, to compete with established journals for articles on COVID-19. However, three papers in this issue addressed three essential aspects. We have allocated two of these articles in the newly introduced section, “Current Topics.” Elhadi Aburawi reflects on the myocardial Injury in COVID-19 Patients,[8] and Rissardo and Caprara highlight the neurological manifestations of COVID-19 and attempts to propose neuroinvasive pathogenesis in addition to other mechanisms.[9] Both articles put some of the findings in clinical and perspectives and calls for further elucidations. Among the original articles, Amit Tak and colleagues propose a logistic regression analysis to predict mortality risk in COVID-19 patients from routine hematologic parameters.[10] This may be of particular value in low and middle-income settings. We have a couple more articles under peer review. Despite the burning desire to publish on the subject particularly among young and enthusiastic colleagues, we remind all workers to the paramount importance of strict adherance to the ethical principles in research.[5]

Life does not stop for COVID-19, so we have a few more non-COVID-19 articles in the current issue. The narrative review on diabetes care's individualization during Ramadan fasting addressed issues that may challenge the usual guidelines. The clinical practice review on hyperprolactinemia management aimed to give a balanced approach to such a common clinical problem. Some regional data were included in the section of the original article. As usual, a couple of interesting case reports and letters to the editor are published in the current issues.

We hope the best of health to all our authors, readers, reviewers, and editors. We would like to express our appreciation to the support of all reviewers who maintain the quality of our journals content. We take the opportunity to reiterate our commitment to high-quality scholarly publishing in the open-access model. We welcome useful contributions on COVID-19 related issues, particularly those related to developing regions and all relevant matters in medicine and biomedical sciences.

Authors' contributions

Equal.

Compliance with Ethical Principles

Not applicable.



 
  References Top

1.
Zhai P, Ding Y, Wu X, Long J, Zhong Y, Li Y. The epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020;55(5):105955. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag. 2020.105955.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Omrani AS. Coronavirus disease 2019: The story so far. Libyan J Med Sci 2020;4:52-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
  [Full text]  
3.
World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Available from https://covid19.who.int/. [Last accessed on Accessed on 2020 Jun 21].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Bashir Mohammed BA. Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: An overview of the event. Libyan J Med Sci 2020;4:49-51.  Back to cited text no. 4
  [Full text]  
5.
Beshyah SA, Ibrahim WH, Aburawi EH, Elkhammas EA The rules and realities of authorship in biomedical journals: A cautionary tale for aspiring researchers. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2018;10(5):149-57 DOI: 10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs_62_18  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Mehra MR, Desai SS, Ruschitzka F, Patel AN: Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: A multinational registry analysis [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 22] [retracted in: Lancet. 2020 Jun 5;:null]. Lancet 2020;S0140-6736(20)31180-6. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736 (20) 31180-6.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Mehra MR, Desai SS, Kuy S, Henry TD, Patel AN. Cardiovascular Disease, Drug Therapy, and Mortality in Covid-19 [retracted in: N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 4;:]. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(25):e102. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2007621 [RETRACTED].  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Aburawi EH, Alsuwaidi AR. Myocardial injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2020;12:82-4.  Back to cited text no. 8
  [Full text]  
9.
Rissardo JP, Caprara AL. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and neurological manifestations: A potential neuroinvasive pathogen. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2020;12:85-9.  Back to cited text no. 9
  [Full text]  
10.
Bhandari S, Shaktawat AS, Tak A, Patel B, Shukla J, Singhal S,et al. Logistic regression analysis to predict mortality risk in COVID-19 patients from routine hematologic parameters. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2020;12:123-9.  Back to cited text no. 10
  [Full text]  




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed996    
    Printed84    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded139    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]