Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

INVITED REVIEW
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 97--108

Paradoxical Vitamin D deficiency in a sunny country: A narrative review of the literature from the United Arab Emirates (1992–2018)


Salem A Beshyah1, Khadija Hafidh2, Dima K Abdelmannan3, Abdul Jabbar4, Wafic S Wafa5, Aly B Khalil5 
1 Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College, Dubai; Department of Endocrinology, Mediclinic Airport Road Hospital, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2 Department of Endocrinology, Rashid Hospital, Dubai, UAE
3 Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College; Dubai Diabetes Center, Dubai, UAE
4 Endocrine Division, Medcare Multispecialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE
5 Department of Endocrinology, Imperial College London Diabetes Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Correspondence Address:
Salem A Beshyah
Department of Medicine, Dubai Medical College, Dubai

Deficiency of Vitamin D is a global problem related to lack of sunlight exposure and reduced dietary intake. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) affects mainly skeletal structure and function but has a number of recognized nonskeletal effects that have wide ramifications. It sounds ironic that low serum Vitamin D levels are widely documented in a sunny country like the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study objective was to review the literature on VDD in the UAE. This is a narrative nonsystematic review of the literature on the epidemiological and clinical aspects of Vitamin D status in the UAE based on PubMed search using two search terms “Vitamin D” and “Emirates.” We discuss the various themes that emerged as follows: epidemiology and disease burden of VDD in the UAE population in general and in specific groups (adults, children, females, and pregnant and nursing mothers); awareness of dietary intake, climate, genetics, and metabolic factors affecting serum Vitamin D levels; and the overview of current clinical management guidelines, interventional trials, and clinical practices. VDD is a widely documented health problem in the UAE population as a whole and in several special groups. This may have serious skeletal and nonskeletal health implications.


How to cite this article:
Beshyah SA, Hafidh K, Abdelmannan DK, Jabbar A, Wafa WS, Khalil AB. Paradoxical Vitamin D deficiency in a sunny country: A narrative review of the literature from the United Arab Emirates (1992–2018).Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2019;11:97-108


How to cite this URL:
Beshyah SA, Hafidh K, Abdelmannan DK, Jabbar A, Wafa WS, Khalil AB. Paradoxical Vitamin D deficiency in a sunny country: A narrative review of the literature from the United Arab Emirates (1992–2018). Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 13 ];11:97-108
Available from: http://www.ijmbs.org/article.asp?issn=1947-489X;year=2019;volume=11;issue=3;spage=97;epage=108;aulast=Beshyah;type=0