Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 174--177

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of parents regarding Vitamin A supplementation to children in Benghazi, Libya


Lubna Jamal Abdulmalek, Fatma Saleh Benkhaial 
 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Lubna Jamal Abdulmalek
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi, Benghazi
Libya

Background: According to the World Health Organization, Vitamin A deficiency can cause immune system depression in about 130 million preschool children and 7 million pregnant women mostly in developing countries and cause mortality risk up to 20%–30%. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of parents in Benghazi regarding the Vitamin A campaign. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 1390 parents attending maternal and child health clinics and pediatric clinics at six main polyclinics, in Benghazi in April and May 2018. Results: Most of the parents were younger than 40 years (71%). Mothers constitute 68% of the study population and 52% of the children were male. Half of the parents had higher education. Only 40% of the parents were having good knowledge about the benefits and food sources of Vitamin A. The coverage rate of Vitamin A supplementation among under-five children in the study was 66%. The main reason for not giving their children Vitamin A supplementation in this study was the lack of awareness of the campaign during the previous year. However, 88% of the interviewed parents had a positive attitude of regiving Vitamin A to their children in the next campaign. Conclusions: The overall knowledge level of Vitamin A among the parents was relatively low; hence, more efforts are needed to promote awareness about Vitamin A supplementation.


How to cite this article:
Abdulmalek LJ, Benkhaial FS. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of parents regarding Vitamin A supplementation to children in Benghazi, Libya.Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci 2018;10:174-177


How to cite this URL:
Abdulmalek LJ, Benkhaial FS. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of parents regarding Vitamin A supplementation to children in Benghazi, Libya. Ibnosina J Med Biomed Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Apr 6 ];10:174-177
Available from: http://www.ijmbs.org/article.asp?issn=1947-489X;year=2018;volume=10;issue=5;spage=174;epage=177;aulast=Abdulmalek;type=0