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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-48

A rare encounter in nonsuspecting circumstances: First congenital visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) in Libya


1 Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tripoli University Hospital, Tripoli, Libya
2 Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tripoli University Hospital; Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya
3 National Centre for Disease Control, Tripoli, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Fauzi Abdalla Sagher
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Tripoli University Hospital, Tripoli; Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli
Libya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmbs.ijmbs_9_20

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Congenital transmission of Leishmaniasis is very rare. It occurs through blood exchange from the mother to the child during pregnancy or delivery. We report the first confirmed congenital leishmaniasis in a 4-month-old Libyan boy with prolonged jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly. This was a congenital transmission from his mother who was asymptomatic and not known to have leishmaniasis, which was confirmed after the diagnosis of the infant. Despite treatment, the infant died. The diagnostic approach is illustrated by the case report. Poor obstetric history in the mother may be related to her own undiagnosed kala azar.


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